Friday, June 07, 2013

Should We Preach Christ in Every Sermon?

Faithful preaching is expositional, which means that it explains a biblical text in its context and applies the text to the hearers. There have been times, however, when I've heard expositional preaching that makes little or no mention of the Lord Jesus Christ (sadly, I've done this myself).  If an unbeliever had been sitting among the hearers, he would not have heard enough of the gospel to be saved.  Furthermore, saints would not have heard enough of Christ to move them to live and obey out of love for Him. Scripture teaches that every expository sermon should be Christ-centered.

True preaching is not:
  1. An expositional sermon, even from a New Testament text, without mentioning Christ except in an evangelistic appeal at the end.
  2. A sermon filled with illustrations and humor, while only nominally mentioning a text, or Jesus Christ Himself, occasionally.
  3. A "practical series" on marriage, joy, etc., without explaining how the person and work of Jesus Christ applies to marriage, joy, etc.
  4. A running commentary on a passage of Scripture without preaching Christ because He is not mentioned explicitly in the text. 
None of the above measures up to the Bible's requirement for preaching.  Scripture gives us clear instructions about how to preach.  Consider the following.

Credit
1. Our Lord Jesus and His Apostles practiced Christ-centered preaching. Every word our Lord uttered ultimately was about His own person and work as our prophet, priest, and king, even when He expounded Old Testament texts, which did not always mention Him explicitly. Christ's Apostles followed His example in their preaching. Every evangelistic sermon in Acts and every epistle was centered on Jesus Christ.  The epistles were read to churches in their entirety, including the parts about Christ and the gospel. In every application of the epistles, there is always a reference to Christ, His person and His work. I am not saying that Jesus Christ was mentioned by name in every text of His preaching and the Apostles teaching. What I am saying is Christ was the foundation and goal in the proclamation of every word of God. 

2. The Bible mandates preaching Christ to unbelievers and believers.

First, it is clear that the Apostles preached Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior to unbelievers (Acts 5:42, 8:35, 11:20). Jesus was the center of their message. When Paul first came to Corinth to preach the gospel to the unconverted, he said, "For I determined to know nothing among you except Jesus Christ, and Him crucified" (1 Cor 2:2).  Jesus Christ was the substance of Paul's evangelistic preaching in Corinth. Peter also preached Christ on the day of Pentecost as well as in the other evangelistic messages of Acts (Acts 2; 10; 17).

Second, the Apostles preached Christ to believers. The Apostles constantly tied their rebukes, exhortations, and doctrinal instructions to the person and work of Christ, past, present, and future. It's impossible to read the epistles without seeing that the person and work of Jesus Christ is the center point of salvation and sanctification. To the Colossians, Paul described his preaching and teaching to Christians: "We proclaim Him, admonishing every man and teaching every man with all wisdom, so that we may present every man complete in Christ" (Col 1:28).  It takes little research to see how Paul tied his exhortations to the Corinthian Christians to the person and work of Christ for them. For instance, when warning against adultery, Paul said, "Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and that you are not your own? For you have been bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body" (1 Cor 6:19-20).  Paul based his warning against adultery on Christ's work. Christ Himself was the substance of Apostolic preaching, both to the unconverted and the converted. The Bible mandates Christ-centered preaching both to the unbeliever and believer.

3. The Bible mandates preaching Christ in every sermon from every text. In Genesis 3:15, Jesus Christ is declared the center of God's revelation to man. Adam represented all of his posterity and fell into sin, breaking the covenant of works, which required perfect obedience for life. But Jesus Christ, the last Adam, is the only mediator between God and man.  Christ satisfied God's just wrath in the covenant of redemption and did what Adam failed to do. Jesus Christ is the only Savior and Lord of all who believe in Him. The Old Testament records the unfolding of the promise of redemption in Christ found in Genesis 3:15. And the New Testament reveals how Christ came to fulfill that first promise in Genesis 3:15.  The Bible's own structure provides us with a theological mandate to preach Christ in all the Scriptures because both the Old Testament and the New Testament are theologically centered in Jesus Christ.

Preachers in the New Testament did not preach in the manner that has become customary to us. They did not take a text out of the New Testament, analyze it, expound it, and then apply it. What did they preach? They preached the great message that had been committed to them, the great body of gospel truth, the whole doctrine of salvation revealed from Genesis to Revelation. My argument is that this is what we should always be doing, though we do it through individual expositions of particular texts. That is the relationship between theology and preaching.

So, dear brothers, are you preaching the Lord Jesus Christ in every expository sermon? Could an unbeliever be saved through your exposition? Can a believer hear enough of Christ to be moved to love Him more and obey Him by faith working through love? May God help us to proclaim Him!

Go to part 2, here.

Fred A. Malone

6 comments:

Manfred said...

Amen and amen! Our hearts grow cold because we do not see Christ nor value Him as we ought. While we each should be diligent in our walk, the sermons in our churches and the whole of worship needs to bring the risen and soon-coming Lord Jesus before in all His glory.

The gospel save wretched sinners and nourishes the souls of saints. As Spurgeon reports of an old preacher who counseled a young preacher, "as every road in England leads to London, so every text leads to Christ. If not directly, then take your people through the hedges and fields until you bring them to a clear view of the Savior."

Mike Southerland said...

Thank you! Amen! If Christ is the center of the scripture, which He is, why would we ever preach anything else?

Jefferson Sweet said...

How can we not, since the Scriptures (which cannot be broken) speak of Jesus in every page.

Sadly, there are many who 'preach' in the flesh or for profit and are not following the Spirit of GOD.

Anthony Delgado said...

This is interesting. I totally agree on the need for Christ centered preaching. It's funny though, many preachers take this to an illogical extent. They exegete a text and then preach the gospel as if every passage of scripture warranted it.

I think their error is that they think expository preaching means they analyze every nuance of every word of the text, causing them to only deal with a very small context each Sunday. The Bible is the revelation of God's redemptive plan for man. That being so, when we take a little bit bigger piece of the pie, we get more of the redemptive message.

I guess what I am really saying is, preachers need to stop forcing the gospel into the context; rather if the gospel is not intrinsic, they need to sacrifice some of the details in order to present a passage that does in fact deal with Christ and the gospel.

Mary Carpenter said...

And Mike Cleveland "spoiled" me for the sermons that don't present Christ as the central theme of every sermon, in the short year that we were privileged to attend that church. He saw, and exposed Christ in the OT as well as the NT.

Tom said...

Hey Anthony, I would say that no matter what our particular preaching text is (and I agree that the size of our text is an important question), our *context* is always the whole Bible, which means that if we want to preach texts in their context, then every sermon naturally includes Christ as the end and object of our text and public worship.

Tom Hicks