Thursday, June 12, 2008

On Corporate Repentance

Questions have arisen about the propriety of corporate repentance in light of resolution #6 on regenerate church membership passed this week by the Southern Baptist Convention. Is repentance only individual? Is it ever right for those who are not personally guilty of particular sins to feel compelled to enter into corporate repentance with other believers for those sins?

Daniel 9 gives us an answer to these questions. Nowhere does the Scripture record any of his sins. Of course, that doesn't mean that he did not commit any, but it is significant in light of the prayer he prayed in Daniel 9. Daniel is in Babylon as a result of God's judgment on Judah. Through his study of the Prophet Jeremiah's words, he became aware of what was happening to them as well as God's promise of restoration (9:1-2). It was because of the conviction that came to him from the Word of God that he "turned [his] face to the Lord God, seeking him by prayer and pleas for mercy with fasting and sackcloth and ashes" (3).

Read Daniel's prayer. He makes "confession" and says "we have sinned and done wrong and acted wickedly and rebelled, turning aside from your commandments and rules. We have not listened to your servants the prophets, ..." (4-6a). This kind of language is repeated throughout his prayer.

Daniel saw himself in solidarity with his people. As such, he prays in a first person perspective. "We" have sinned. This is appropriate for God's people whenever we are seeking Him for corporate needs--whether for our family, city, nation, church or convention of churches.

That is why the call for repentance in Resolution #6 is appropriate. I have never intended that it be a resolution geared only toward certain churches. It is written in the first person, not second or third. By God's grace, our church has practically addressed these issues in years past and seeks to practice responsible church membership. Nevertheless, as Southern Baptists we see ourselves as a part of a convention that needs to repent for the way that we have neglected church discipline and failed to live up to the ideal of a regenerate church membership. I gladly accept the call to repentance. We certainly have not done everything perfectly ourselves and we are not afraid to acknowledge the legitimacy corporately repenting. In fact, we express corporate repentance every Lord's Day in our worship times.

The Gospel sets us free to deal honestly with sin and to repent. Christ died for our sins and forgiveness is promised to all who confess sin (1 John 1:9). Christians have no reason fear repentance. In fact, being a Christian means living in repentance and faith daily.

Churches ought to be encouraged to repent of our sins of not loving and caring for our members as we should. What might happen if churches all across the SBC began to examine these issues and humbled themselves corporately before the Lord? Perhaps we might see the stirrings of genuine revival.


David B. Hewitt said...

My Dear brother Tom,

Even living in Indy, I was unable to attend the SBC meetings due to the busiest two weeks of work I've had this year. I would rather have been at the meetings, but of course, God has his purpose for my absence as well.

I am thrilled to know that a resolution passed that called for corporate repentance in our Convention. May God indeed use this as the kindling of genuine revival, as God's people refuse to abide sin in our midst, this particular sin and others.

God bless you, brother.


Tom said...


I missed seeing you. There were several hopeful events this week in Indy. May the Lord work in us deeply, humbling us before His wisdom, holiness and grace.


Bob Cleveland said...


It was necessary but vastly underplayed, IMHO. I was attempting to address that when time ran out.

Tom said...


I saw you at the mic and wish you could have spoken to this.


smithbaptist said...

Brother Tom,

I am amazed at how uncomfortable people are with the term "repentance." I really think that American exceptionalism has drifted over into evangelicalism and there is sometimes a SBC-exceptionalism, meaning that we are beyond critique and certainly conviction.

Perhaps your amendment will provide an example that will challenge those who have been too prideful to even consider that they might need to repent of something.

Joseph Dethrow said...

Could we see Jesus' model prayer, "And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors [emphasis mine]," as a basis for corporate repentance?

Will said...

I totally agree. Corporate repentance is very biblical and appropriate.

Tom said...


I think you are right. We have been far more affected by our culture than we care to admit.


Good point. Another consideration is the many calls for repentance (by the OT prophets and by our Lord in Revelation 2 and 3) that went to bodies of people which included some who were being faithful to the Lord.

magnifygod said...

There is a corporate reality to what God is doing among mankind in history, which is the very point of church membership. We are connecting with other believers to the point that we rejoice when they rejoice and we weep when they weep, we build each other up and admonish one another when necessary, because we are one body.

Sin is individual, but, like Saul in 2 Samuel 21 and Achan in Joshua 7, it has effects on the whole assembly. So corporate repentance is right because of the corporate nature of God's purposes, and because it expresses corporate humility before God, looking to him for mercy and restoration.